Posts Tagged With: Jesse

Samuel’s Legacy seen in the Lives of those that were Influenced by him

The  Master Builder who Left a United Israel.   

The anarchical mess of the sprawling godless tribes of Israel carried on in ignorance of the seismic change in history that was about to take place over the next generation, all of which was precipitated and initiated through the birth of Shmuel ben Elkanah. That blessed child born in Ramathaim Zophim passed away, some think, about a full century after the day of his birth. It was Samuel’s time. The Samuellian era. The last and highest peak of the line of characters known as the Judges. This man was also the first and, to my mind, possibly the highest peak of the prophetic office and gift that ever ministered to the whole of Israel during the period of time in which the Hebrews lived in the land. He had become a one man institution. He was the posthumous pillar that epitomised what was to be the future greatness of Israel. He was treasured and feared by all in his mature years, and sadly missed after his passing.  He was anointed and appointed by God Almighty as His representative in Israel throughout his lifetime. What he left behind him was as unified, Godly and purposeful as it was the opposite of those things at the moment he had been conceived. Even while he homed in and concentrated on the schools of the prophets after his last words with Saul, the very fact that he was alive and moving “in God,” even though it was in the background of Israel’s political and tribal cosmos, Samuel gave the nation comfort, and a brighter vision to look forward to.

There was, of course, the hope of the great charismatic leader of men, David. But he was a man that Judah and Benjamin loved beyond reason, while the northern tribes knew less about.

The ground had been prepared for the Glory of God to return, just as dramatically as it had left when the Philistines had stolen the Ark of the Covenant in the early days of Samuel’s youth. The Ark was indeed safe in Israeli hands and had been after several months of Philistine illicit ownership, but the Hebrews had never had it been returned to the Tabernacle. There is no way we can possibly imagine that it was left in the home of a certain Abinadab, by Samuel’s forgetfulness, or anybody else’s forgetfulness. It was a deliberate act of “neglect.” That is, it was deliberately left there by Samuel. It was symbolic of a new day dawning. Samuel was so busy relating to God, hearing from God and ministering to the people of Israel, as well as judging them, that to trouble himself with the symbol of the God he was relating to seemed almost irrelevant.  The substance of their faith was much more vital than the symbol of the same. Samuel was a man born out of time, with a world view, belief system and spiritual disciplines far ahead of his generation. Samuel was living in his own, “Holy Spirit church age.” All he did was relate to Him who is invisible, in as real a relationship as Peter, James and John had done in the days of Christ’s ministry. Samuel would have been considered a spiritual gargantuan giant no matter what age he had lived in. Samuel was the classic wild, giant, dangerous prophet.

Samuel’s anointing had led him in a different direction than the proscribed national slavery to what had degenerated into a deadened sacrificial system. Samuel was a man of the Spirit all the days of his life. He was worshipping the Lord with abandon before he had received that first prophetic word in his youth. By keeping the Ark of the Covenant and the Tabernacle in a low profile with the people, it meant that he could keep the person of Yahweh Himself in the highest possible highlight. For Samuel, everything was a matter of the Spirit. The input of the prophetic word, and the spread and education of aspiring prophets was changing the face of Israel then, in a way that would have a future impact on the entire planet. Samuel’s lifelong circuit ministry of judging and teaching was a generational, credible call to return to the purity and faith of a life lived in devotion to Yahweh. This, after all, was the basic reason for Israel’s existence on the planet. How great was the force of righteousness within the prophet Samuel, and how magnificent was the working of the anointing that was upon him.

Samuel’s adherence to keeping the most intimate relationship with God and obeying Him as often and as consistently as he did throughout his life meant that the schools of the prophets had time to have become engrafted into the atmosphere of Israel’s culture within his own lifetime. His withdrawal from public and political life meant he could give his whole being to the development and the solidifying of an understanding into the world of prophecy and how it was to be maintained. Who knows what treasures he passed on to influence the future prophets.  The schools blossomed and developed under him, and were to direct the people and rulers of Israel over the next 500 years or so, not that they always listened to them.  Because of the fact that the prophetic Spirit and prophetic schools in Israel ultimately gave us the writing prophets, we could actually say that Samuel is still impacting the world today through them.  The writing prophets have left us a deep rich seam of truth that has not to this day been fully fathomed.

Samuel was the original seed of which all later prophets in Israel were the flower and growth. Sacrifice of animals was never abandoned altogether of course, but the sacrificial activity was brought into subjection to the flow of the Spirit of God and the prophetic word and office.  Samuel had gone quite some distance in tying Israel to Yahweh rather than to the Mosaic system that was attached to their history. The Tabernacle and the corrupted Levitical priesthood had lost the awe and wonder of the manifest presence of God in the infrastructure of that form of worship. Samuel had brought the drifting vessel of Israel, at first floating without a sail or rudder, back into its divine haven in all its proper function, i.e. loving God and walking in the parameters of His law.  The land of Israel was and is Yahweh’s land. The people of Israel were and are God’s nation. The whole of Samuel’s life and mission was to see his beloved nation brought under the umbrella of the terms of that covenant that they had so crassly broken.

Samuel had died while David was still on the run from the demonised and demented first monarch, Saul ben Kish. Yet even with the sorrow of the prophet dying without seeing the unity of one nation happily existing under the rule of a man who was after God’s own heart, the loyalty that was brewing in support of the anointed son of Jesse might possibly have been seen and perceived by the wise old man as a truly God inspired phenomenon. This would have allowed Samuel to die in peace concerning the future of the nation after he had departed to Sheol. Yet, whether he saw the hearts of the people turning towards David or not, I feel sure he would have seen in the Spirit what kind of a giant killing king Jesse’s son was to become. The priesthood may have turned out to be wimpish and retiring, but there was a Lion out of the tribe of Judah that was moving into maturity and position.

Saul was famous for his bravery across the twelve tribes, if only infamous for his demonic illness around the southern tribe of Judah. The bible reads as if it was only the confidantes of Saul’s court and the intimates of David’s friends and family that new of all the attempts on his life made by the son of Kish. Common folk might have turned against Saul had they known of the demonically inspired murderous attempts the sovereign had made time and again.  The giant killing, sweet psalmist of Israel was on the run from Saul for many years, while Samuel was alive, and the king’s hot pursuit of his successor continued until his death at Gilboa. There was indeed a conflict of loyalties in the hearts of the people. What were the Godly population of Judah to do? Follow Saul the present king who was clearly not the man he was when he was crowned? Or, like all the other nations that surrounded them, should they rid the land of an unwanted megalomaniac, dictator of a king and put the revolutionary “new boy on the block,” on the throne? Which way was the right one?

David had undoubtedly been taught well by Samuel. God had put Saul in office. God would remove Saul from office. Whatever human means or circumstances would bring about Saul’s removal from the throne, it was not to be by the hand of any God-fearing Hebrew, especially the man who was destined to succeed him. Because of Samuel’s integrity, morality and his grasp of patience for God to resolve issues, after Samuel’s death, the nation, in particular the people of Judah, waited to see what was about to happen. It was clearly a wait for Saul to die. Nobody in Israel it seems, wanted to touch this “Ark,” this anointed of God. Saul, as it were, was a holy vessel chosen by God, no matter what the outward display of vileness revealed. The resolution of the issue was all about divine intervention and a trust in the character of the Ever Living God, and His direct interaction with the people and concerns of Israel.  The tribe of Judah would have wanted Saul’s removal to happen quickly. I often wonder if the Northern tribes had a clue about Saul’s political intrigues against his own son and the man he had long suspected wanted to, “steal,” his throne. The North–South divide in Israel, from Joshua’s time on, is plain to see. On crossing the Jordan, the major campaign in the south, under Joshua, was nothing but a thorough conquering of Judah’s territory. As the years passed the fighting spirit that was needed for the conquering of Canaan leaked away like sand in a sieve. The book of Joshua reveals an incredible campaign in Judah, then a list of all the area that was not conquered, and a much lesser campaign in the north. The mid lands of Canaan were seemingly ignored.

One cannot but own the idea that the many people of Judah, and Benjamin, if not the rest of the nation, were aware that Saul’s successor had been anointed by Samuel and was waiting “in the wings” to assume the throne. News would have spread, throughout the southern people of Israel, of David’s two opportunities to have slain Saul – opportunities he had refused to seize, explaining his actions with the now famous words; “Touch not the Lord’s anointed.” Not only would the story have spread like wild fire amongst the people of Judah, Simeon and Benjamin, but it would have inspired them to emulate their future king. “If Saul’s successor, the son of Jesse, dare not remove Saul in order to get to the throne, then it would be wrong to override his will, his intention and his Godly motive. Therefore we, his future subjects as well as being Saul’s subjects must support our present king and wait to see what will happen.”  And so the people of Judah “sat back” as it were in respect of the throne and waited for the appropriate moment to acclaim their darling tribal representative as the rightful king.

As for the other tribes, there was a kind of cultural and social chasm once a person went North of Judah and Benjamin. (I referred above also to Simeon, but the land allotted to Simeon was a kind of annexe in the midst of Judah’s land. After a generation or two had passed, it seems Simeon was totally absorbed into Judah and is hardly mentioned again in the Bible.) Probably in ignorance of the details of the heavy story of Saul’s downfall, depression and demonization, there was a kind of nominal, “God save the King!” attitude amongst those northern tribes. There was little knowledge up north to think anything else but good things about Saul. If one pedantically marks the map of Israel and the narrative’s geographical location, while reading both David’s life and Saul’s reign, very little transpired in the northern tribal areas, but when it did, it shows a king who endeared himself to the people. Saul was much loved up north.  Possibly unawares of the court politics and intrigues, some were more than nominal in their support of Saul. Some risked their lives simply to return Saul’s cadaver to the land of Israel for a proper burial and time of mourning, showing an almost religious commitment to Saul even when dead. No matter what they thought of Saul down south, the north truly honoured their first king.

The deep mindset of division between Judah and the rest of the nation, that later split the whole hegemony into two after Solomon died, was already in the psyche of the people. It started as jealousy and was simmering for centuries before Rehoboam the son of Solomon was crass enough, and silly enough, not to soften the tax regime that funded the king’s lifestyle of luxury. It was the genius of David’s ability to join the nation into one that was a major aspect of the glory of his reign. David was anointed with a Spirit of wisdom. During his reign there was a joining of all the twelve tribes. Solomon’s heavy weight of taxes, and having the nation’s young sons and daughters away from their homes during the course of each year, missing farming time and normal home life for the king’s indulgence was tolerated only because of the wisdom and the character of Solomon and the deep love that the whole united hegemony of Israel had for the demised David and his son. Once the untried and untested son of Solomon had blotted his copy book, the amputation of north from south was done deftly and quickly, without any sociological anaesthetic.

The fact that we can see in retrospect that the nation was on the cusp of greatness, has to be understood as the gift of God on Samuel and then David’s life, a gift that was perpetuated with the very different gift of Solomon. It was an anointing of the Spirit of God that was placed on David’s life simultaneous to the horn full of oil that Samuel poured on his head. It was God that directly made David great. It was Samuel that had anointed David when he was but a child. It was Samuel who had mentored David from the period they had together, near the end of Samuel’s life, leaving the future king with wisdom beyond any of his peers. David proved to his own experience that, “Better is one day in the courts of Yahweh,” that is with Samuel, “than a thousand in the schools of men and worldly wisdom.”

Therefore, conceivably with some of the northern tribes knowing far less about the character of David than the people of Judah, Saul still had a staunch following right up to and even after his death. The nation was soundly formed and stabilising, despite the character of their present king. Samuel had led them away from being a family of tribes with only the religious ties of their history to bind them together while living independent existences.  Samuel, under God, had been the human instrument that had put Saul in office, and, to a degree, as far as externals were concerned, Saul was fulfilling his role. The nation was one, with only the political astute minds of a few who could see the Spiritual and social San Andreas Fault line that ran the whole length of the border between Judah/Benjamin together, and the rest of the tribes to their north, as well as the huge fault line that divided Saul’s character and personality.

David must have been a wise and discerning man, whose company other kings and leaders loved even before he was king. During David’s fugitive years, he made both friends and enemies, however, he befriended some of those rulers that reigned in the days of his loneliness, making friendships that were sustained during the years of his kingship. Some of the kings of those nations that surrounded Israel were still his submissive friends once he had ascended to the throne of Israel.

The nation having been propelled forward by the wisdom of Samuel, a prophet who had an ear to God and the people, as well as a mouth to pray with and teach the masses, built a shrine around his burial place. A building still surrounds his tomb today. Israel has an annual celebration of the life of Samuel.

I salute the son of Hannah, and personally seek God for some slight semblance of his characteristics and Spirit.

4 Nebi Samuel

Nebi Samuel

Categories: SAMUEL’S LEGACY SEEN IN THE LIVES OF THOSE THAT WERE INFLUENCED BY HIM | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments

The Lonely and Confused Life of the King in waiting without a Mentor

The Greater “King to be” learning how to handle the dethroned “king in situ.”
(1 Samuel 19:18-20:1a)
The ten to twelve year old child who Samuel had drenched with a full horn of oil, was now a man. The fresh faced youngster that reminded Samuel of the days when he was first hearing the word of God from the divine Lord, was now a bearded soldier.  The arms of the child that embraced the lambs, now swung a sword, as well as a sling, better than most in Israel. The sheltered and excluded youngest son of Jesse was now a bar-mitzvah’d and engaging young man possibly in his early to mid twenties. The youth that once surveyed and studied the lives of sheep, was now a leader and teacher of men, who surveyed the whole nation of Israel in his meditations. The innocence, and lack of knowledge of childhood, had dissipated into a deeply spiritual and perceptive man of God, exploring deep things of the Spirit, not to mention the hardships of life, with every breath he took. All this had developed without any mentoring or teaching from Samuel, just the mentoring of the Spirit of God who sat and remained upon him, and his own listening ear.
Just where had Samuel gone after that day he anointed the child David? Where had he been for those 15 years or so? Didn’t David need him?

At this point of the real-time of our story, this fighting, fearless, anointed, future king was under more pressure than he had ever been hitherto in his lifetime. He had been bold and courageous for Yahweh, and had destroyed Goliath who had intimidated thousands of warriors and blasphemed God. He had walked in purity of spirit all his life hitherto. The fact that people sang, “Saul has killed his thousands, but David his tens of thousands,” in no way had spoilt David’s frame of mind. Stuff like that didn’t touch the future monarch, it was nothing but the popular voice that could praise him today and want him dead tomorrow. Crowds have always been the same. It was best to ignore it, and David did just that. Even with He who was far greater than David; it was, “Hosanna! Blessed be He who comes in the name of the Lord” on Sunday, and “Crucify Him!” less than a week later. But Saul allowed that same pop song to rot his very soul. He brooded over it. He allowed the words to keep him awake at night. On top of that he kept company with an attached demonic spirit that encouraged and fed the jealous impulses of hell within him. This thing from the devil’s bosom had come only to kill, steal and destroy. And he was doing a great job with Saul. The jealousy that Saul’s heart vomited with every thought of his lost dynasty, went spiraling downwards to a bottomless well of hatred.

The son of Jesse was utterly innocent in this regard. As far as the scripture tells us, Saul’s thoughts were actively plotting and planning against David. It seems, however, that nobody, at first, had a clue of the animosity Saul accounted against the sweet psalmist of Israel. Perhaps he was projecting the animosity he held against Samuel, towards David instead. He was afraid of expressing that animosity against Samuel. David seemed easy prey. Who knows the depths of the psychology of death and corruption that was encrusting the soul of Saul ben Kish? At first the court of the king, as well as the general public, thought that Saul appreciated David in the same way as they did. It was Saul that invited him to stay with him, to look after the royal suit of armour and to sing to the king when appropriate. It was Saul that promoted him within the ranks of the military. It was Saul who seemingly wanted David to be his son-in law … seemingly! Seemingly, Saul loved David. Little did the populace know.  But where was Samuel while Saul’s environment of intrigue was getting darker and stickier, and David’s life was in the balance, never mind his sanity?
The demonic plots of Saul to rid himself of the man that was more popular than he was, were rampant in his creative evil. At first David was welcomed into the family circle. Saul kept David with him from the day of Goliath’s death (1 Samuel 18:2). No ill motive is indicated at that point.  Although the malice of the king is not mentioned until the ladies of the nation started singing their song, with all things considered, if the King, who was the tallest man in the whole State of Israel, had trembled for nearly six weeks under Goliath’s braggadocio, surely it would be inconsistent with the overall biography of Saul, to think he kept David with him simply because of love and appreciation. Perhaps Saul was merely subscribing to the philosophy that calls on a person to keep one’s friends close, but to keep one’s enemies even closer.
Fear of any superior seeming character must have touched him from the moment Samuel told him that the kingdom was going to another who was better than him, even if it was subliminal at the beginning.  He was the tallest, and he was the king, and he had, to a point, shown himself to be brave in battle. Yet for nearly 6 weeks (40 days) he had failed to act and lead the armies of Israel out into battle against Goliath and the host of the Philistines. This youth, in his mid teens, had done what nobody else could or would do. If jealousy was not birthed in Saul between the moment that Goliath fell to the ground, and the next moment when David decapitated the giant, I would suggest that King Saul was walking in New Testament apostolic grace – which he definitely was not. Chagrin, fear and jealousy must have gripped Saul’s heart when he saw the giant fall. But how silly, for a mature man who must have been on the throne for around 25 years at the time of 1 Samuel 17, to fear a 15 year old. Saul must have fought a dreadful and bloody battle within his mind and lost. Should he love David for his music? Or despise him because of his popularity? The balance of Saul’s mind was under siege, and there was a demon that desired to push him off the scales.

David was coming to grips with the battle’s of life while Samuel was off the national and international scene, as far as we know. What was Samuel thinking? How did he keep himself busy? Why hadn’t he seen David at all during the fifteen years since he had anointed the little lad?  

David’s anointing brought him success in everything he put his hand to.  When David told Saul that he had killed lions and bears whilst defending his sheep, it undoubtedly took place after the anointing that Samuel performed upon him (1 Samuel 17:34-37). Once David reached 20, and joined the ranks of the military, he was incredibly successful in every sortie he was sent on.  David was promoted to a high rank in the army because of his valour and leadership, and the text suggests he was famous, known and sung about all over the country (1 Samuel 18:5). He was even extremely popular amongst all the senior military leaders of Israel. I find it also difficult to believe that Saul smiled all the way through David’s ascent into battle glory as well as into the hearts of the nation. Samuel must surely have heard of the national joy and merry making of the up and coming son of Jesse. He must have known what was happening in the court of the king as affection and support was heaped on his new general. Did the people have any love left for Saul?

What Saul missed completely, was what was most obvious. David’s success, popularity, and development of love, support and followers, was not a natural thing at all. It was a God thing. It was an anointing that just sat upon David’s life. Success and victory just followed him like a lap dog wherever he went and whatever he put his hand to. Saul must have had the mental facility to see and perceive this, as it was the very same process and exactly the same Spirit of God that had been with him when he had been chosen, anointed, in his early days as king. The demonic cloud that now pervaded his understanding simply held him back from seeing it or understanding who David was. The eyes of his understanding were utterly blinded to the phenomena of David’s personage and the trail of success and blessing that he left behind him wherever he went. His insecurities and fears caused him to see David as nothing but a young, “upstart,” that was challenging his own popularity. Oh the evil contrivances of a spirit of jealousy. Oh the exceeding sinfulness of sin.

It was in the earlier days of David’s ascent that Saul heard the hit song about David doing better as a soldier than he was. It was from Saul’s first hearing of the popular ditty that the king finally allowed his tormented spirit, and the demonic stronghold that was filling his mind, to take over. It was, “all demonic systems go,” in Saul’s heart from 1 Samuel 18:8 onwards. From that very moment Saul kept a jealous eye on David (1 Samuel 18:9). “Kept,” means it was a continuous, sustained eye on the man who was to be his successor. 24/7.  “Kept an … eye on David,” means that his animosity became an obsession. It suggests it was Saul’s secret addiction. The fact that this compulsion was birthed in and sustained by jealousy means it was from hell. Jealousy led to lusting for David’s death. That spirit of murder lead to sinful murderous actions. Those actions would take Saul’s self control away from him.  Oh the anguish of the situation! Quite literally, an animalistic tormented  spirit of murder was ruling Israel in the person of the king.

Sentiments of death were ruling the promised land of life and prosperity. David, at that early point of time was completely ignorant of what Saul’s thoughts were feeding on, as, I suspect, was the entire royal court. Was Samuel made aware of the king’s dissipation of character and mind? I wonder! Did Samuel have any idea how the little lad whom he had anointed to be king, was faring? I feel certain that Samuel was either told from heaven, or by his those people who reported to him. Did Samuel know all of David’s bundle of life? Does a fish swim in the sea?  Does God do anything without telling His prophets (Amos 3:7)? I am convinced when I chew over the sacred text, that Samuel knew the whole story.

Saul had weakly and wilfully opened the door. Demonic infestation quickly followed. The very next day an evil spirit came on Saul, “forcefully.” That is exactly what the scripture tells us. His darkness was complete. Note the moment that the demon burst upon Saul. It states that “Saul was prophesying in his house.” The gifts of God, without the character of God within, are no protection for an evil heart. The jealousy made it legal for the spirit to enter. Saul was prophesying whilst David was playing music to soothe the King’s mind. The scripture says, “…as he usually did.” David played to Saul regularly, and it did not only subdue the demon and allow Saul to prophesy, but through the prophesying Saul’s reason and perception obviously returned. So in the midst of anointed music and prophecy, the demon breaks out of the routine of normalcy, choosing to surface in Saul’s consciousness,  and decides to take hold of Saul; and the Javelin/spear that Saul had in his hand that was being tape wound, perhaps, or admired, suddenly became active in the mind of Saul as a weapon of death. Of a sudden, like being struck by a death blow, Saul thought to himself about pinning David to the wall. The spear was thrown at the musician in a blatant attempt to kill him.

1 Samuel 18:11 says that David eluded the throw of Saul’s attempt at murder twice. Whether it means twice in the same day, or on different occasions we are not informed. But we now have the rising star of Israel’s hopes on the battlefield, having to hide from the king of the nation he served. What an incredible anomaly! In his early twenties, how was he to process his own desperate situation in the machinery of his own understanding? What was David’s state of mind under this kind of pressure? Was he going to lose his integrity in the choices he had to make in order to cope with death threats from – of all people –  the king? By any standards, it must have seemed utterly surreal to the young soldier. It was such a paradox of reality, it must have seemed like a contradiction to David. It was a complete oddity. The man who had lost the anointing was on the verge of killing the one who would succeed him. There was an absurd ambiguity in the fact that the one who had lost the kingship was in a superior position, trying to use the people of the kingdom over whom David was to rule, in order to kill him. How was David handling the enigmatic inconsistency of being pursued to death by his own people? What was going through David’s mind as Saul’s priorities developed to the point where at times he was to ignore the Philistines and other enemies of Israel, and drag the armies of Israel along with him in pursuit of the outlawed son of Jesse?

The monarch was afraid of David, because he could see that consistent success and achievement was with him, that same achievement and victory that had left him because of his shocking series of choices. So now, Israel had a king filled with jealousy as well as fear, both of which characteristics were stirred and blended into a murderous obsession towards David. Didn’t Samuel have something to say that would pour oil on these troubled waters? Where was the prophet of God when he was so desperately required?

What should David do? Where should he go?



Categories: 1 Samuel 19 :18 - 20:1a, The greater pursued by the lesser, The Lonely and Confused Life of the King in waiting without a Mentor, The madness of King Saul, The silence of Samuel | Tags: , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

A Heart! A Heart! My Kingdom for a Heart! That Heart! That Heart! My Kingdom to that Heart!

The Entire Horn Full of Oil Brought the Full Anointing of the Spirit.
(1 Samuel 16:4-13)
0001 JessesSons

Jesse’s seven sons meet Samuel.

OK! This is the big one for Samuel. It is also the last one. It is not the last we hear of him, but it is the last commissioned job that we know of given to him by God. Samuel was on his way, by divine instruction to a place called Bethlehem. It means “House of Bread.” It was in this place that He who said He was the “Bread of Life” was born.  And the big house that was undoubtedly at the centre of Bethlehem was clearly Jesse’s, and undoubtedly the place where the Bread of Life was born.

Most readers will instinctively respond to that last sentence by asking, “How on earth can this writer know that Jesse had the biggest house in Bethlehem?” Here is my answer. Can it be gainsaid?

Bethlehem is about 6 miles or so south of Jerusalem. Bethlehem was within the territory given to the tribe of Judah. Rahab, the woman who was  an innkeeper (not a harlot) in Jericho was grafted into the people of Israel because of her faith, and her actions that sprung from that faith in Yahweh. She married a man named Salmon, of Judah. Salmon must have lived in the big house in Bethlehem. I know that, first of all, because Salmon was the son of Nahshon. According to Numbers 1:7 Nahshon was at least 20 years old when Israel left Egypt led by Moses. He was a prince in Israel. Salmon lived in the biggest house in Bethlehem. We can be sure of that because he and Rahab had a child whose name was Boaz.  Boaz is the “mighty man of wealth” who owned most of the land around Bethlehem. He was well respected and godly. Boaz having a gentile mother, had no scruples at all about marrying a beautiful and godly gentile woman whose name was Ruth – as in “The book of Ruth.” Boaz  and Ruth had a son called Obed. We don’t know who Obed married, but he had a son called Jesse, who had a son called David. Catch the thread, and in so doing, catch the point about the huge dwelling place that was the family seat.

Because family, property and homes  and tradition were held tightly and firmly through unchanging customs and many generations, it is an assertion, generally agreed to by middle eastern people in the know, as well as statements made by historians, that Salmon of Judah who entered the promised land with Joshua, who would have actually known Moses, lived in the same home that David lived in as a child. The house would have undoubtedly been extended and/or “improved” through the generations, but it would, without question, have been the same familial house over  those first half a dozen descendants. It is possible (although I personally doubt it) that there are names omitted from the biblical line of descent, so it may have been over more generations. Bethlehem, it is believed, was known as the house of bread because of the far-famed fields of Boaz, which were corn, wheat and barley fields that had no parallel in Judah. The land given to Nahshon, or if he had deceased, to Salmon, by Moses must have consisted of a house and lands extending down the valley on the eastern flank of Bethlehem and embracing the celebrated fields.



Bethlehem is a town in the Judean hills fifteen miles north of Hebron and Mamre, six miles south of Jerusalem and the border of Benjamin, and twelve to fifteen miles, depending on which road one takes, west of the Dead Sea. These distances seem trivial, but it must be remembered that, in a day where the average rate of travel is three miles an hour instead of fifty as it is today, these miles must be multiplied by nearly 17 to represent the real time it takes to get from one place to another. This place that progressed to be a town was called, since the days of Naashon, “Bethlehem-Judah,” Jewish people in the area tell the story of how, as soon as the temple was built on Mount Moriah, the weaving of the veils and curtains of the temple and its courts became part of the work of the town and was reported to be especially carried on by the family of Jesse. How that is known, I fail to understand. I would have thought that once David had ascended the throne, and then afterwards when Solomon had entered into an established wealth and grandeur, making curtains would have been the last thing that the royal family of Jesse would do. But, legends are legends.

When Ruth entered into what are now the hallowed precincts of Bethlehem, we are given a unique insight into the life of the time. We learn how Boaz added to his already great wealth the whole property of the late Elimelech and his two dead sons, and then he takes in marriage the Moabitess, Ruth. It seems to have been a done thing in the tribe of Judah to marry “alien” gentile women, Judah himself, the son of Jacob, married Shua, a Canaanite (1 Chronicles 2:3), and to this royal tribe Boaz belonged. It is also fascinating to note, that in scripture the Moabites were under a deeper curse than the Canaanites (See Deuteronomy 23:3). We refuse to bite the bait and follow that strand – in these pages at least.

0003 shepherds outside Bethlehem

Shepherds outside Bethlehem

But, concerning this building that was the home of Boaz, Jesse and David I would just like to digress a little, and add a postscript concerning what happened to the place. In the biblical account of David – the boy Shepherd who became the great king of Israel – when he was nearly sixty years of age, King David had to flee from Absalom his son over the Mount of Olives and then right away to a northern city of refuge called Mahanaim in Gilead, the other side of Jordan some 100 miles north-east of Jerusalem. Here he met with three great sheikhs who cared for him, and one of them, Barzillai, came back with him on his return to Jerusalem as far as the Jordan. The elderly and humbled King pressed Barzillai hard to come back with him to the capital and take a place at the royal table. It was, however, Barzillai’s eightieth birthday, and he said he could not come, but must return to be buried by his father and mother’s side in Gilead. Although Barzillai could not accept the offer, he asked David if his son Chimham could take his place. David accepted. So the King  returned with Chimham and treated him very much as his own son, and commended him to Solomon when he died. Chimham, therefore, lived all his life as a son of David. The next mention of Chimham is in Jeremiah 41:17. Rebels, who had murdered a man appointed as a Jewish leader by Nebuchadnezzar after Jerusalem’s fall, were fleeing to Egypt. On the way they stopped at the place where Chimham lived. And we read of Chimham in connection with Bethlehem. It speaks of the habitation (or inn) of Chimham, which is by Bethlehem. This “kahn,” or inn was at the same site of Boaz and David’s house, “by Bethlehem.” The inns, or kahns of the day were always the largest building in the town. Most English translations refer to the “habitation of Chimham,” the Masoretic text refers to the “kahn of Chimham.” Straightforward logic would therefore suggest that the grand old home of Jesse, David, and his seven brothers had become the possession  and home of the king’s adopted son, Chimham. There is simply no other way to account for the presence of Chimham in Bethlehem.

A sanitised image of Samuel anointing David

A sanitised image of Samuel anointing David

We must therefore suppose that David gave Chimham his house at Bethlehem, according to his promise to do all he could for him, to whom he became so much attached, as is seen by his message to Solomon (1 Kings 2:7); and thus we can readily see how Chimham got his habitation there. That this was so, appears all the more probable in that, as we know, the dwelling was large and spacious, and well fitted to be converted into a khan or inn sometime after  Chimham’s death, as would appear from Jeremiah. Chimham must have made a reputable name for himself for his name to be sustainably used through many generations as the identity of the place. A khan always gave great financial benefit to a town. People local to Bethlehem claim that this khan was one of great importance, as being the “starting-place” of caravans off to trade in Egypt. Alfred Schofield, when not producing his “Scofield Bible,” is on record as saying that “To give a khan to a town in those days was equivalent to giving a park or a hospital to the community now.” I find biblical trails like this, absolutely fascinating.

And there’s more!

The occasion in Jeremiah 41 where Chimham’s kahn is mentioned is also striking.  At this time a man called Ishmael, of the Jewish royal house, killed Gedaliah the Babylonish governor of Nebuchadnezzar. Johanan, another Jewish leader, fearing the wrath of the King of Babylon, fled southwards to Egypt  with a mixed multitude, and in so doing, forcibly dragged the daughters of Zedekiah the king, as well as the prophet Jeremiah, and his companion Baruch. But at Bethlehem, in the khan of Chimham, where the caravan had to be made up, he stayed some little time, during which Jeremiah was asked to pray for guidance as to whether the people should flee into Egypt or no. Jeremiah prayed for 10 days in the old house of David, ie: Chimham’s kahn. Jeremiah told them that the answer was a firm “No!” Nasty Johanan, however, was determined to go on. He declared that Jeremiah had lied and that God had not spoken to him. He then proceeded on his journey with all his company, including Jeremiah. This particular caravan of people, including Jeremiah, returned no more to the land of Israel.

But we haven’t yet finished. We know nothing more about the house that David lived in,  until, nearly six hundred years later. Down the road to Bethlehem from Jerusalem, a man called Joseph and a woman called Mary came to be taxed. Bethlehem was so near Jerusalem that it was always filled at feast-times, and Joseph found no room for them in the only khan, the very well-known khan that now, because of population growth and land expansion, was actually within Bethlehem. Those who know the East and its history, understand very well that the inn ” of Luke 2:7 could be none other than the khan of Chimham, the house of David and the dwelling place of Boaz, the house where Salmon lived with Rahab. It may be fading now, since modern global village culture bites into the traditions of men all over the planet, but  it was so in biblical times of both Testaments, that in any eastern district there was only one khan, and its site and name never changed through the centuries.

0005 Bethlehem_native_home_near_Bethlehem

Bethlehem. Could this be where Jesus was born?

Returning to the thrust of our focus, and the elderly prophet Samuel, we follow him into Bethlehem.  As in 1 Samuel 16:4. Samuel had felt it hard to bow to the decree of God concerning Saul being torn from his future dynastic line.  It grieved Samuel as much as it had grieved God Himself.  He had, however, sorrowed so much as to have received a rebuke from the Almighty — the only one recorded as spoken by God to him.

The grief might not have lasted so long with Samuel if he had known the future. That is something that is true of us all. God gives us insights into some aspects of the future. There is biblical prophecy explaining end times. These sections of the scriptures reveal all about the future of the world, heaven and hell as well as the reign of Christ on earth. I have also known and experienced, sometimes as being the subject of personal prophecy from prophetic ministers, and more often as a spectator, when a definite statement has been made concerning my own future. When such personal statements have been made by prophets to myself, I have acted on those words, even though they assumed that a certain point of life was going to go in a definite spoken direction.

As an example, many years ago, I had nine points on my driving Licence in the UK. I was in court for a fourth speeding offence, at which point I would have been banned from driving for three years or so. The possible ban had frozen all decisions of travelling and visiting friends and family. I was not going to stand before a magistrate for 3 or 4 months. It sounds trite as I think of it now, but at the time it was huge. It would have meant, of course, that I would lose my job, as the work I did at the time entailed  around 40,000 miles a year driving.

I was in a church service where a prophet who neither knew my name, my job or anything else about me, stated that, “There is a man here who has a court case coming up about fast driving. You will not lose your job. You will not lose your car. You will leave court with no “hold up” to your future.” I believed the prophecy and immediately made plans that assumed I would have the car and would be driving. When I stood before the magistrate It went exactly as the prophet had foretold.

Knowing the future is a wonderful thing at times. I am sure that knowing the day we will die, or the day our loved ones would pass away would be a torturous thing. But knowing something good is going to happen would bring utter release.

Samuel’s grief was not only because of Saul’s disobedience. It was all about an inner cry of, “What will happen to Israel without a king? Will they go back to the horrible days of the Judges? Will anarchy follow Saul’s death? How is it possible for Israel to progress?” This was the heartbeat of Samuel and his passionate pastoral care for, as well as his prophetic input to the nation.

The grief had stopped the very moment God told Samuel to go to Jesse of Bethlehem and said to the prophet, “I have chosen one of his sons to be king .” There must have been as much joy in his heart as there had been grief the moment earlier.

0006 bethlehem 1907

Bethlehem Market place in 1907

Imagine also, as an overlay to this story, the fear of Saul in Samuel. I cannot perceive that Samuel did not want to fulfil the God given mission  because of a complaint, but he wanted to know about Saul. He shrunk from this task which added all that was required to confirm the doom of Saul. He sought to shun the duty by expressing apprehensions for his safety should Saul hear of the transaction.  “How can I go? If Saul hears it he’ll kill me.” Samuel lived just a couple of miles from Gibeah of Saul, and if he  went off with a saddled donkey and a pack donkey, Saul’s spies would know he was up to something and would attempt to stop Samuel in his tracks.  It makes logical sense, that if Saul and his followers were now in fear of Saul losing his throne, not knowing the mind of God or Samuel, there must have been a whole raft of random ideas in Saul’s head. “Will Samuel hack me into pieces as he did with Agag? Will he inspire somebody to rebel against me and wage a civil war? Will he  surrender me to the Philistines? Worse of all, will he pray against me in public?”

God’s instruction to Samuel was to take a heifer with him, and to tell folks that he was going to hold a feast with the people of Bethlehem. So here he was at the house of Bread. The difficulty of thoughts of danger to his life had been removed, and he was guaranteed Divine wisdom to direct his conduct. We can all walk safely when we have the counsel of God, when we are assured of strength and wisdom according to our day! The Lord opened up a clear way for Samuel by suggesting an exercise that concealed his chief object. He was to take a heifer with him, and call Jesse to the sacrifice and feast. This seems to have been not an unusual occurrence. A similar occasion took place when Saul was first told of the kingly dignity awaiting him.

0007 bethlehem-old-market-munir-alawi

Bethlehem Old Market Place in 1907

Samuel was a living legend. It was quite an event in Bethlehem that the venerable son of Hannah should be there. The people held him in the very highest esteem, and felt an awe upon their spirits in his presence. His was entirely, so far as they were concerned, a spiritual mission. They trembled at the sight of him, crying in anguish, “Do you come in peace?” They had probably heard of his words to Saul. They had undoubtedly had some of the young men in their town present when he prayed a prayer that distressed the Philistines. They knew not to mess with God’s prophet. So, before any words were passed, “Do you come in peace?” seemed the right question to ask,

He declared his purpose. “I am come to sacrifice unto the Lord; sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice.” They were to wash their clothes-indicative of the spiritual cleansing of the heart which was essential to the right observance of any sacrifice. The text tells us that Samuel himself consecrated  Jesse and his sons and invited them in particular to the sacrifice. Samuel led them, he performed for them the priestly service as he was a Levite. That sacrifice at Bethlehem had its joy in a feasted meal and undoubtedly some good talks with the prophet. The day would be long remembered in the local chat for the sacrifice and the meal with Samuel. Some would be telling their Grandchildren, “I met and talked to the prophet Samuel.” It was a huge event, locally, and as the most important man in the nation was there, he would, of course stay in the largest house of the wealthiest family in Bethlehem. This happened to be the property of the man called Jesse. But before they sat down to feast upon the offered heifer, Samuel had another job to perform.

The great prophet sought a special interview with the sons of Jesse, that he might set apart one of them for a high dignity in the future history of the Hebrew nation. Up to these moments, nobody on the planet was aware of what was to follow, apart from Samuel himself. It wasn’t so much that Samuel would interview any of them before the choice of king, but perhaps, although there is none recorded, he would have the chance to enjoy a chat with the recipient of the kingly anointing after the choosing, as he did with Saul. A man to man talk between prophet and future king would be just what Samuel needed to assure himself of the nation’s future – that is with the assumption that a grown, intelligent man would be the choice.


Samuel anointing David with onlooking brothers.

We have no idea of who was there when this moment of destiny arrived. Was it just Jesse and his sons (minus David) at first? Or could it possibly have been in the presence of other members of the elders of Bethlehem?  We are not told. I feel brave enough, however, to state that because of the state of mind of Saul, and the danger to all who would dare whisper the results of Samuel’s visit to the house of Jesse, nobody else was there but the members of David’s immediate family. What was about to happen would endanger people’s lives if it was discussed in the wrong company. For these reasons the camera of my mind sees, in glorious Technicolor, Samuel possibly in Jesse’s home just prior to going out to make the sacrifice, or possibly just after the sacrifice and before the feast, seeming to have asked Jesse to introduce to him all his sons. Whether they lined up before him, or were brought into the room one by one we are not told.

However it occurred, while Samuel stood with Jesse, in came Eliab his eldest son. Eliab was a soldier of Israel who was later fighting with Saul’s troops when they were paralysed with fear because of Goliath. He was obviously, tall, strong and able in appearance to look like a king.

We are here allowed into Samuel’s mind. Does this mean that Samuel wrote the text while he lived? Or was it his retelling of this memorable day that allows us into the great man’s thoughts? “Surely the Lord’s anointed stands here before the Lord.” But then Samuel heard Yahweh say, “Do not consider his appearance or his height, for I have rejected him. The LORD does not look at the things man looks at. Man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart.”

0009David is anointed by Samuel as seven brothers and his father watch.Oh! How often have I read these lines and found myself utterly immersed in several points of observation.

  1. Samuel saw everything as “before the Lord.” That is because he himself lived in the presence of God, therefore “before the LORD.” We are not talking here about, “God is everywhere therefore wherever I am I stand before Him.” This is the reality of living in the Spirit, in the manifest presence of God. But because of Samuel’s very essence being in the presence of the Lord, he sees Eliab as, “Before the LORD.” The cusp of the supernatural, the threshold of the doorway between what is flesh and what is spirit, at the opening betwixt Heaven and Earth. Sublime!
  2. Samuel can tell the difference, instantly, between what are his thoughts, and what are God’s thoughts. He is aware, almost instinctively, where his words finish and where God’s words start. He thinks Eliab is the one to be anointed, and immediately the voice of God corrects him. Oh Lord, take me there!
  3. The ESV has Hebrews 5:14 saying, “But solid food is for the mature, for those who have their powers of discernment trained by constant practice to distinguish good from evil.” This instant hearing of the voice of God shows Samuel’s spiritual maturity. It shows us that his powers of discernment were trained by constant practice, in fact it was a lifelong practice learned since that night in the tabernacle when, as a child God first called him.  Samuel’s gift for distinguishing between what was good and what was evil, what was man and what was God, what was self and what was the Spirit of God, was learned by practice and being practical in his responses to God.
  4. It causes me to believe that God is speaking constantly to all believers in this fashion. It must grieve the heart of God how rarely some of us hear him.
  5. It also informs us how close were Samuel and Yahweh. It’s like best friends walking together. One says, “I think this is right!” and the All Knowing Friend replies, “No! That is not right, because …,” and then gives the friend the reasons for the correction.
  6. If a man of Samuel’s maturity and gifting gets it wrong when he thinks from his own human resources, how much more do I?  The answer Samuel received to correct his error is one of these divine statements which, even without the context of this story is weighty, is simply one of those eternal truths that allows us to rest in our awe of the character of God.  “Man looks on the outward appearance. God looks on the heart.” The application of this principle is phenomenally ubiquitous.  This is the reason, of course, God could not leave the choice of the new king to Samuel, the correct choosing depended solely on God speaking to a man that was able to listen to what God was saying, and to do what the Word said.
  7. The Lord said to Samuel, “Look not on his appearance, or on the height of his stature: because I have refused him: for the Lord sees not as man sees; for man looks on the outward appearance, but the Lord looks on the heart.”  God  knows fully all that characterises the inward and spiritual nature of man. O heart, heart, what are you? A mass of foolishness and absurdities, the vainest, craftiest, wickedest, most foolish thing in nature.

00010 David_anointedSo Eliab stands there with Samuel shaking his head as if he was talking to an invisible other party, which he was. Then Abinadab, Jesse’s second born child entered the room, and passed by in front of Samuel. We are not told what Yahweh whispered to Samuel this time, but we are told plainly that he uttered the words, “The LORD has not chosen this one either.” This meant, assuming that Samuel spoke out loud, that Jesse, Eliab and Abinadab were now aware that Samuel was looking for someone for a special purpose. Could they have guessed what that purpose was before Samuel made it plain? Then entered Shammah (stated in 1 Chronicles 2 to be Shimea). “Nor has the Lord chosen this one,” were Samuel’s spoken words. So now we have father and three sons knowing that on this day God has chosen somebody for something. They probably concluded that it must be somebody of the family, but the biggest and best of the bunch were now excluded. Where was Samuel going in his search?

Verse 10 gives me a problem. It states that, “Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel, but Samuel said, “The LORD has not chosen these.” Why does it give me a problem? Because the verse could not possibly imply that the youngest who (as we are all aware) was out looking after his father’s sheep, and was so young as not to be included even in Jesse’s thoughts for anything to do with “Grown-ups Business,” was one of the seven. It leaves us to believe that David had seven brothers. I cannot see how anybody could disagree with me there. But that would mean that the list in 1 Chronicles 2:13-16 gives a deficient list. It says, “Jesse begat Eliab his firstborn, Abinadab the second, Shimea the third, Nethanel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, Ozem the sixth, and David the seventh.” We are then told of David’s two sisters, “Now their sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah were Abishai, Joab, and Asahel-three.”  Great! No problem! But why does 1 Samuel 16:1o say that seven sons passed by Samuel, not including David?   Ah well! That is a question for when I get to see God’s face.

So all 6 or 7 sons have past Samuel, and while listening to God, the prophet has shook his head at each one of them. What next?

00011 Bethlehem today.

Aerial view of Bethlehem today.

There must have been a pregnant pause. Seven fine strapping young men, and God says, “No!” to them all. Jesse and his sons must have deduced that Samuel wanted to be introduced to Jesse’s sons because God had told him that one of them  was to be king. So, surely, Samuel must have misheard the Divine voice? But he knew full well he had not misheard at all. Therefore, logically, there must be at least one other son.

“Are these all the sons you have?” asked Samuel. Then we have Jesse’s classic answer, “There is still the youngest, but …”  Ah! “But…” Samuel had asked to see Jesse’s sons. Jesse assumed that the man of God acts on the way things are, and not on the way things will be in the future. Surely the prophet was after a man, a fighting man, a man’s man, no matter what the purpose of the search was. But God was looking into the future. Tomorrow’s kingly man, was today’s junior playing in the yard. Tomorrow’s mighty man of valour and integrity, was today’s “innocent” looking after the sheep. Tomorrow’s leader whose word the masses would hang on, is today’s little boy who is told to shut up, stay away from the men’s business and just look after the sheep.  Jesse did not even use the boy’s name. “There is still the youngest, but he is tending the sheep.” I can see Samuel’s eyes opening wide while he stares at Jesse, and Jesse attempting to justify himself. “He is of no consequence Samuel. He is young, small, good for nothing but the sheep, he is not a man that you or I can talk to. He is not a fighter to recount acts of bravery. He is a little lad.” Enough said!

“Send for him,” says Samuel. “We will not gather round, or be seated until he arrives.” So Jesse sent a servant, it does not suggest one of the sons was asked to go, and the father had this nameless child brought into the house, and the room where they were all stood waiting. We are told that when he entered he was noticeably ruddy, fine and handsome. The NIV tells it as “He was glowing with health and had a fine appearance and handsome features.” The NLT: “He was dark and handsome, with beautiful eyes.” You get the picture. One commentator is convinced that the word “ruddy” is informing us that David was a red-head. Whatever the actual strict translation is, David was a striking looking young boy with external features that projected a warm and open heart.

BibleAs the unnamed boy enters, Samuel hears God clearly and distinctly. “Rise and anoint him. He is the one.” Thank God that Samuel could hear the divine instruction so promptly. It seems the brothers and the father remained standing whilst Samuel sat.  In front of the whole family, at least all the male members of the family – we are not told if this unnamed boy’s mother or two sisters were present, it simply reminds us that it was in front of the boy’s brothers – Samuel stood up, removed the cap of the horn that was filled with anointing oil, and poured the contents all over the boy’s  head.

It is at this point that the Bible tells us the name of this stripling of a boy, and makes a remarkable statement. “From that day on the Spirit of the Lord came upon David in power.”

This child was to become the man after God’s heart. This future king, who was a boy after God’s heart, at last was found!  This youngster was to be captain of the people of Israel, who would submit to God in all things, who would fulfil in his rule all the will of God. The new king of Israel had been selected. The great type and the earthly progenitor of the Messianic King, and the pledge of Israel’s greatness, had stood out before the prophet’s eye. God had said, “I choose that one!”  Samuel’s grief must now have been utterly assuaged.

We are now introduced to one whose personal history and typical character are of undying spiritual interest to Bible students everywhere. We can see Christ throughout the life of David if only we search for Him. Genius was born in this youngest fruit of Jesse’s loins. Music and poetry were a part of his nature. Both received a high development from his constant attention to his gift. His harp often sped on the slow moving day or the stationery night, as he watched his flocks. David was a poet, and sang his own Hebrew melodies to his tuneful harp. He was godly, and dedicated his music to the praise of Yahweh. He was profoundly acquainted with the word of God, and while setting many of its heroes of faith and events of grace to music, he was permitted to add largely to the volume of inspiration. Samuel rejoiced in David from the day of his anointing, though he saw not yet all things put under him. In like manner may the believer rejoice in the Son of David and the Son of God, though he sees not yet all things put under His feet. We have a pledge of his future government of all things after God’s own heart in what He has already done.

The job was done. What else was there for Samuel to do. We can but assume that the sacrifice and the feast continued with Samuel present. The moment must have seemed like a surreal aberration. Imagine the memory banks of Jesse and his older sons. The legendary prophet Samuel had appeared to make sacrifice and hold a feast. He calls them all in one by one, and shakes his head, saying to Jesse, “Yahweh has not chosen this one! Nor this one! Nor this one!” Then when the troublesome little sibling enters the room, the elderly man bursts into action and pours an entire horn of oil over his head.” We don’t know what Samuel said as he poured the oil. Perhaps he was actually saying, “I anoint you to be king over Israel,” similar to what he did with Saul. The oil poured over Saul’s head had the same effect as that which was poured over David’s head. Then, before they could ask Samuel, debate, or inquire, it simply says, “Samuel then went to Ramah.” In plain English, Samuel went home  – in more ways than one. Samuel could not have even had a heart to heart with such a youngster. We are not told that any words had passed between the prophet and the king elect. The future was set. It would obviously be years before David could become man enough to be king. Samuel must have left Bethlehem half convinced that David’s enthronement was something he would never see.

The only factual observation they could discern that left them all without a doubt as to what had happened was that David was a changed boy. From then on the Spirit of the Lord came upon David. No one could say it was David’s mind, or adroitness in his natural progress and development. Everybody who knew him could see – it was God.

Samuel must have sighed as he reached the Naioth again. Was his life over? Was there anything else for him to do?

The elderly prophet who had served as a slave to benefit the people of Israel, was now estranged from the present king because of animosity from him. Samuel was estranged from the king to be, through age, and the need for him to sit under parental and sibling education. What was the retired life to be like?

Categories: 1 Samuel 16:4-13, A Heart A Heart My Kingdom for a Heart That Heart That Heart My Kingdom to that Heart | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

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